If A Fire Occurs When the smoke detector sounds or fire strikes, leave
the building immediately. Do NOT go back in. Follow
your escape plan and call 9-1-1 for help.
If you are awakened by the smoke detector alarm, get out of bed and
crawl low under the smoke. The heat and smoke is intense in a fire; you
will not be able to see, and temperatures at the ceiling could reach
more than 600 degrees
Fahrenheit – enough to kill you immediately. IN
A FIRE, SECONDS COUNT!
For early detection of fires, install smoke
detectors near your sleeping areas. If you
have a multi-story house, install smoke detectors
at each level in the home.
If your door is closed, feel the door with the palm of
your hand. If it is not hot, brace yourself against
the door and open it slowly. If there is fire on the
other side, close the door and seek another escape
If it is safe to leave the room, stay low and get out
by the quickest and safest route.
NEVER GO BACK
INSIDE FOR ANY REASON!
Once you are outside, do not go back inside. The
fire department will be there in a matter of
minutes. Stay at the meeting place and wait for
the fire department.
Clothing, should it ignite, will burn rapidly. If
your clothes ignite, DO NOT RUN...STOP, DROP,
detectors can warn you about a fire before it's too late. Install
and maintain smoke detectors. Working smoke detectors can
alert you to a fire in your home in time for you to escape,
even if you are sleeping. Install smoke detectors on every
level of your home, including the basement, and outside each
sleeping area. If you sleep with the door closed, install
one inside your sleeping area as well. Remember to change
your smoke detector batteries. But
they're no good if they don't work. Test smoke detector
batteries once a month following the manufacturer's
directions, and replace batteries when you adjust your
clocks or whenever a detector "chirps" to signal
low battery power. Never "borrow" a smoke
detector's battery for another use - a disabled detector
can't save your life. Replace detectors that are more than
10 years old.
For more information on smoke detectors, their design
and installation, click here.
To Get Out Alive
to the American Red Cross, fire is the fifth leading
unintentional cause of injury and death in the United
States and ranks as the leading cause of death for
children under the age of 15 at home. For that
reason, the Heart of America Metro Fire Chiefs Council,
Fire Prevention Division urges residents in the greater
Kansas City Metropolitan area to develop a home fire
escape plan for their families. In the National
Fire Protection Association’s (NFPA) 1997 Home Fire
Escape Survey, only 16% of families have actually
developed and practiced a home fire escape plan.
Metro Fire Chiefs ask that you follow these safety tips.
Establishing EXIT DRILLS IN THE HOME
will insure that everyone in the home will be
familiar with the proper procedures should a fire
occur. Be sure
every level of your home has a working smoke detector,
and be sure to check and clean it on a monthly basis.
Knowing what to do
before a fire occurs can save your life. Develop an
escape plan for your family — and practice it —
Draw a floor plan and know at least two
exits from every room. If one is a window, be sure
every family member knows how to open it and that it
Check windows that would be used in an escape to
see that they open easily.
If you have sleeping areas located on the second
floor, provide an escape ladder or rope. Check
these carefully to make certain they are safe.
If you live or work in a high-rise
building, know the location of the exit stairs.
Never take the elevator during a fire.
you be caught in smoke, CRAWL! Smoke rises, so
stay close to the floor where the air will be less
Designate a meeting place at a safe
distance outside the home. A
fire is no time to be worrying about who made it
out and who did not. By establishing a central
meeting place outside the house, you can count
heads and not have to wonder who might still be
Practice your fire escape plan with fire
drills at least once every six months.
Part of your
escape plan should include having someone go to the closest
neighbor and call the fire department.
A home fire
escape plan should include:
smoke alarms on every level of the home and outside
all sleeping areas
out of each room
and easy to use exits
emergency phone number for the fire department
the fire escape plan at least twice a year
should make plans to assist infants, the elderly,
and family members with mobility limitations
that doors used for escape can be opened easily and
that windows are not nailed or painted shut.
the sound of the smoke alarm, get out immediately
back inside the home for any reason.
Fire Protection District urges parents to talk
about fire safety with children. Remember, fire
safety education begins at home.
Back to Top
areas that need special attention for fire
fires kill hundreds of people and injure thousands in
North America each year. Most of these fires can be prevented
by following these basic fire safety tips.
leave cooking unattended
Never leave food cooking on your stove or in your oven
when you leave home. Stay in the kitchen whenever anything
is cooking. Turn off stoves and appliances promptly when
you're finished using them and unplug electrical appliances
when they are not in use. If you must leave the kitchen
while cooking, take a potholder as a reminder that you have
something cooking on the stove. Many accidental fires start
simply because the person forgot they left something on the stove. Don't
leave spoons or other utensils in pots while cooking. Turn
burners and ovens off when they're not in use.
plenty of sturdy oven mitts or pot holders near your cooking
area. Using a wet pot holder can result in a severe steam
burn. Do not toss wet foods into deep-fat fryers or frying
pans containing hot grease or oil. The violent reaction
between the fat and water will splatter hot oil.
Remove the lids from pots of cooking liquids carefully to
prevent steam burns. Remember, steam is hotter than boiling
a pan of food catches fire, carefully slide a lid over the
pan and turn off the burner. It is dangerous to attempt to
carry the pan to the sink
Built-up grease catches fire easily. Wipe appliance surfaces
after spills and clean stove surfaces and ovens regularly.
Don’t forget the range hood and the filter. Grease laden
vapors collect here and cool, leaving grease to accumulate
over all surfaces. Without cleaning, grease will continue to
build up creating a fire hazard.
Loose sleeves can dangle too close to hot stove burners and
catch fire. Protect yourself by wearing sleeves that fit
snugly, or by rolling up your sleeves securely when you
cook. Don't store things on or above your stove. Clothing
can catch fire when you lean over stove burners to reach
flammable objects clear of the stove
Pot holders, dishtowels, and curtains catch fire easily.
Keep such items at least three feet (one meter) from your
overload electrical outlets
Plugging too many kitchen appliances, especially
heat-producing appliances such as toasters, coffee pots,
waffle irons, or electric frying pans, into the same
electrical outlet or circuit could overload your circuit,
overheat, or cause a fire. Keep heat-producing appliances
away from walls or curtains. Replace any frayed or cracked
electric cords immediately. Never use appliance cords with a
cracked, loose, or damaged plug. Keep your home's fuse or
circuit breakers in good working order. If an electrical
appliance gets wet inside, have it serviced before using it
Microwave ovens stay cool, but what's cooked in them can
be very hot. Use potholders when removing food from
microwave ovens. Remove lids from packaged microwave foods
carefully to prevent steam burns and test food temperature
before eating. In
microwave ovens, use only containers designed for microwave
use. Do not use
metal utensils, pans, or containers in a microwave. Not all
foods can be placed in a microwave without modification.
Unpeeled potatoes and eggs still in their shell tend to
explode when placed in a microwave. Become familiar with the
manufactures recommendations and operating instructions.
pot handles inward
A pot handle sticking out over the edge of your stove can be
bumped in passing or grabbed by a child. Prevent burns and
stovetop fires by always turning pot handles in toward the
back of the stove. Enforce a "Kid-Free Zone" to
keep children at least three feet (one meter) away from the
Heat cooking oil slowly over moderate heat and never
leave hot oil unattended.
a grease fire starts, smother
Never pour water on a cooking fire. If a pan of food catches
fire, carefully slide a lid over the pan and turn off your
stove burner. Keep the lid on until completely cooled. If a
fire starts in your oven, close the oven door and turn off
the heat source. If the flames do not go out immediately,
call the fire department.
the door on microwave fires
If anything catches fire in your microwave, keep the
door closed and turn off or unplug the microwave. Opening
the door will only feed oxygen to the fire. Do not use the
oven again until it is
cooled off, cleaned
leave food unattended on the
stove. If you must leave the kitchen, take a
wooden spoon or a potholder as a reminder.
let grease build up on your
stove or oven.
let crumbs build up in your
cook wearing sleeves that
can dangle near the burners.
let curtains hang near your
oven or range.
put flammable materials such
as pizza boxes in the oven.
use your oven or stove to
heat the residence.
overload electrical outlets
with plug in appliances.
Make certain all appliances (coffee pot, oven, etc.) are turned off
before you leave the home or go to bed.
smoke in bed.
place heaters within three
feet of flammable materials.
use heaters to dry clothes.
use extension cords with
leave portable heaters on when sleeping or when
leaving the home unattended.
heaters when you are not using them.
Back to Top
/ Family Areas
Fires common to the living/family areas are
usually caused by careless smoking, unattended candles
or fireplaces. Animals often knock over unattended
candles. These tips may just save your life:
put ash trays on chairs or
DO NOT run electrical cords under
rugs or carpets.
staple electrical cords to
walls or floors.
leave cigarettes burning in
leave candles burning
not use candles near decorations in your home. Avoid
placing candles near drapes or curtains.
leave fireplace fires burning unattended.
the chimney professionally cleaned and inspected
before each heating season.
may have flammable materials in your basement or
garage. Exercise fire safety inside and out.
you store gasoline, keep only small quantities
outside your home in a shed or detached garage. Keep
gasoline in sealed, approved containers designed to
store it. Use gasoline only as a motor fuel, never
as a cleaning agent.
starting your lawnmower, snow-blower, or motorcycle,
move it away from gasoline fumes. Let small motors
cool before you refuel them.
store paint and other flammable liquids in their
original, labeled containers with tight-fitting
lids. Use and store all flammable liquids far away
from appliances, heaters, pilot lights, and other
a fuse or circuit breaker blows, never replace it
with one that exceeds the amperage rating of the
circuit, and never replace a fuse with a penny or
other conductive material.
trash from your home. Don't store anything near a
furnace or water heater.
Use outdoor cooking grills with
Never use gasoline to start or enhance the fire, and don't add
charcoal lighter fluid once the fire has started - even to glowing
coals. You can use dry kindling to revive the flame. Use cooking grills
outside only, and well away from the building, vegetation, and other
combustibles. Make sure children are supervised while you are using the
If there is a fire
hydrant near your home, you can assist the fire department
by keeping the hydrant clear of
vegetation or snow so in the event it is
needed, it can be located.